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Quantum Supremecy, Quantum Time, and Quantum Rules

Quantum Supremacy

Some of the world’s leading experts in the field of quantum computing, such as Scott Aaronson, sound quite enthusiastic regarding the imminent arrival of quantum supremacy.  “Quantum supremacy,” is meant in this context to suggest that quantum computing is expected at some point to be able to out-perform classical computing by a significant margin under verifiable (reproducible) conditions.  There has been a great deal of buzz and excitement over an anticipated announcement by Google sometime soon that they have achieved such quantum supremacy.

Having said all that, when I think of the phrase ‘quantum supremacy,’ the first thing that comes to my mind is the title of a wonderful paper published in 2015 in Contemporary Physics by physicists David Jennings and Matthew Leifer, No Return to Classical Reality.  Jennings and Leifer audaciously start their paper with the fighting words,

“At a fundamental level, the classical picture of the world is dead, and has been dead now for almost a century.”

This seemingly brash statement is fully backed by demonstrating that there exist fundamental phenomena of quantum theory that cannot be understood in classical terms.  And as the authors state, “We now have a range of precise statements showing that whatever the ultimate laws of Nature are, they cannot be classical.” 

I’ve touched on this topic before, and written about it in my 2015 paper, Primacy of Quantum Logic in the Natural World.  Support can be found for the primacy of quantum logic in the natural world in the cognitive sciences, where recent research studies recognize quantum logic in studies of: the subconscious, decisions involving unknown interconnected variables, memory, and question sequencing.

From my perspective as a reality shifts and Mandela Effect researcher since 1998 (more than 20 years)–I’m absolutely thrilled by the prospect of considering classical reality to be a special case and subset of the greater and all encompassing quantum reality.  And I’m thrilled that recently, we’re seeing ever-increasing evidence from scientific researchers that Jennings and Leifer’s bold assertion is quite likely true.  We are unquestionably now in the Quantum Age, and reaching a point where many of us can see that there indeed is no return to classical reality.

 

Quantum Time

One mind-boggling recent discovery indicating true quantum supremacy along the lines of “no return to classical reality,” is that time has been found to demonstrate truly quantum behavior.  Physicists at the Stevens Institute of Technology, University of Vienna, and University of Queensland announced this year that particles aren’t the only ones capable of existing in a state of superposition–time is also capable of existing as if it’s in two or more states simultaneously.  The international group of scientists looked at quantum temporal order, where no distinction exists as to whether one event caused another, or the other way around.  They reported in the August 22, 2019 issue of Nature Communications that quantum properties of time exist such that cause and effect can exist in both a forward and backward direction.  Specifically, they considered a thought experiment in which they considered the question, In a Quantum Future, Which Starship Destroys the Other?

 

Quantum Rules

Another exciting recent announcement came from physicist Markus Arndt and his team at the University of Vienna in Austria, as they announced in a paper published in September 2019 that Even Huge Molecules Follow the Quantum World’s Bizarre Rules.  This finding challenges the long-standing assumption that there will always be one set of physics rules to follow for larger objects, and the wild, wacky, weird rules of quantum physics only need be considered for those tinier things ‘confined’ to the Planck scale.

Arndt and colleagues appear to be upsetting that old apple-cart, and beginning to topple long-standing assumptions, as his team have observed quantum-like properties in rather enormous molecules composed of 2,000 atoms, which is comparable in size to some proteins.  These results immediately lend credence to the possibility that quantum mechanics might in fact be applicable at all sizes and scales.

The quest to find where, exactly, a ‘seam’ or boundary line of demarcation might exist between classical, relativistic and quantum ‘realms’ meet is exciting, since as quantum logic and rules keep being verified at ever-more-massive scales, there is a distinct possibility that there is no seam–there is no dividing line.

Those of us experiencing reality shifts, quantum jumps, and Mandela Effects will be glad to hear that we may be well on the way to developing a recognized, respectable scientific explanation that these types of phenomena (1) can be expected to naturally occur, (2) are a integral part of a recognized scientific model, and (3) are absolutely necessary in order for life and reality as we know it to even exist at all.

 

I invite you to watch the companion video to this blog post at:

 

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QuantumJumps300x150adCynthia Sue Larson is the best-selling author of six books, including Quantum Jumps. Cynthia has a degree in Physics from UC Berkeley, and discusses consciousness and quantum physics on numerous shows including the History Channel, Gaia TV, Coast to Coast AM, the BBC and One World with Deepak Chopra and on the Living the Quantum Dream show she hosts. You can subscribe to Cynthia’s free monthly ezine at: http://www.RealityShifters.com
RealityShifters®

Quantum Search is Nature’s Way

Quantum Search

This week brought us extraordinary news confirming that Nature appears to utilize a special kind of quantum search algorithm.  The Grover’s search algorithm, when utilized by quantum computing systems, has the ability to almost immediately find what it is looking for.  It is able to do so because it undergoes coherent evolution, such that it elegantly and efficiently hones in exactly on the answer (or answers) being sought.

Physicist Lov Kumar Grover was employed as a quantum physicist at Bell Labs in New Jersey in 1996, when he noticed an algorithm that could utilize special properties of quantum physics to more quickly find a target solution in the fewest possible search steps.

David Deutsch provides wonderfully informative descriptions of key elements of quantum computation a series of lectures at Clarendon Laboratory at the University of Oxford, including a detailed description of Grover’s Search Algorithm.  David describes how there exists a ‘marking operation’ that marks the target (answer) term in the quantum superposition state by changing its sign (described at 12:31 in the video).  Deutsch describes how the Grover’s algorithm when utilized by quantum systems can search through a million possibilities in only about a thousand iterations, or search through one trillion possibilities in just a million iterations.  And most spectacularly, the Grover’s search only exactly hits the sought-after target state only when N equals four, so that a single Oracle call of the Grover’s search algorithm is enough to do the whole search (21:57).  The Oracle version of the Grover’s algorithm searching task has proven itself to be optimal–to be the fastest algorithmic search possible when compared with all other possible classical and quantum search algorithms.

Quickly finding Holes in the Grid

Stephane Guillet and colleagues at the University of Toulon in France have found evidence for the Grover search as a naturally occurring phenomenon, and provide the first evidence that electrons may naturally behave like a Grover search, seeking out defects in a material.  Grover’s search algorithm can be reformulated as a kind of quantum walk across a given surface, conducting a search across a two-dimensional plane, and doing so much more quickly than a classical search.  Guillet’s team simulated Grover’s searches for electrons that were exploring triangular and square grids.  With square grids, electrons could choose between four different directions, and within triangular grids, electrons select between three different options.  Guillet’s team also included defects in these grids, in the form of holes, and also quantum interference effects, all the while testing to see how quickly an electron could find a hole in the grid.

One giant breakthrough in Guillet’s team’s work is that they might just have found the process used by electrons in real life, moving across crystals in the real world.  If free electrons implement something like the Grover search algorithm, scientists can bypass the need for developing fully error-correcting quantum computers, and follow the shortcut of finding places in Nature where the Grover search naturally occurs.

Searching the Genetic Code

Amazingly, the genetic DNA code utilized by every creature on our family tree of plants and animals is based on four nucleotide bases.  These nucleotides (G, C, A, and T) encode information for constructing proteins from 20 amino acids.  Researcher Apoorva Patel at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore described how Grover’s algorithm could explain the significance of four nucleotide bases and 20 amino acids in the paper, Quantum Algorithms and the Genetic Code.  Patel showed that four is the optimal number for Nature to work with, such that the difference between four alternatives can be determined in a single step, utilizing Grover’s algorithm in a quantum process.  And choosing which amino acid is best from 20 possibilities can be quickly determined in a three-step quantum search.  It turns out that four nucleotide bases and 20 amino acids are the optimal numbers in order to ensure optimal efficiency in assembling DNA and proteins, provided the search operations are quantum–and not classical.

Quantum Processes are Nature’s Way

With an ever-increasing body of evidence, we are starting to see that not only can quantum processes occur in warm, wet, noisy natural settings such as biological systems, they likely play pivotal, dominant roles.  We are at a juncture at the dawning of this new Quantum Age where we are privileged to see how quantum logic and quantum processes provide optimal solutions.  And on some very deep level, we are already intuitively attuned to recognizing and appreciating such things as quantum search.

I invite you to watch the companion video to this blog post at:

 

___________________________

QuantumJumps300x150adCynthia Sue Larson is the best-selling author of six books, including Quantum Jumps. Cynthia has a degree in Physics from UC Berkeley, and discusses consciousness and quantum physics on numerous shows including the History Channel, Gaia TV, Coast to Coast AM, the BBC and One World with Deepak Chopra and on the Living the Quantum Dream show she hosts. You can subscribe to Cynthia’s free monthly ezine at: http://www.RealityShifters.com
RealityShifters®

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